The components, some already riveted together into sub-assemblies, were first bolted together, the bolts being replaced by rivets as construction progressed. By June construction had reached the second level platform, and on Bastille Day this was used for a fireworks display, and Eiffel held a celebratory banquet for the press on the first level platform. An important part in his education was played by his uncle, Jean-Baptiste Mollerat, who had invented a process for distilling vinegar and had a large chemical works near Dijon, and one of his uncle's friends, the chemist Michel Perret. The same year Eiffel started work on a system of standardised prefabricated bridges, an idea that was the result of a conversation with the governor of Cochin-China. Firstly he was ready to adopt innovative techniques first used by others, such as his use of compressed-air caissons and hollow cast-iron piers, and secondly he was a pioneer in his insistence on basing all engineering decisions on thorough calculation of the forces involved, combining this analytical approach with an insistence on a high standard of accuracy in drawing and manufacture. His wife will unfortunately die in 1877, shortly before her own mother. Early Life. Valentine EIFFEL, fille de Gustave EIFFEL et Genviève Émilie« Marguerite » GAUDELET, naquit le 25 février 1870 à Levallois-Peret, 92, Paris, Île-de-France, F, et morte le 9 juin 1966 à Paris, 75, Seine, Île-de-France, F, à l’âge de 96 ans. [28] The task of drawing the components was complicated by the complex angles involved in the design and the degree of precision required: the positions of rivet holes were specified to within 0.1 mm (0.04 in) and angles worked out to one second of arc. Between 1892 and 1891 he compiled a complete set of meteorological readings, and later extended his record-taking to include measurements from 25 different locations across France. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel was born on Dec. 15, 1832, and grew up in Dijon, the capital of Burgundy. Civil Engineers, siblings: Laure Boenickhausen-Eiffel, Marie Boenickhausen-Eiffel, children: Albert Eiffel, Claire Eiffel, Edouard Eiffel, Laure Eiffel, Valentine Eiffel, education: École Polytechnique, École Centrale Paris, Quotes By Gustave Eiffel | It is not only a prominent tourist attraction in France but is also considered a work of art today by the Parisans and critics. Biographie de Gustave Eiffel sur le site officiel de l'Association des Descendants de Gustave Eiffel, avec sa généalogie descendante. 7 avr. Died On: December 27, 1923. This was greater than the longest arch span which had been built at the time. The business was successful enough for Catherine Eiffel to sell it in 1843 and retire on the proceeds. Muhammad Ali - Float Like a Butterfly, Sting Like a Bee. [23] Initially Eiffel showed little enthusiasm, although he did sanction further study of the project, and the two engineers then asked Stephen Sauvestre to add architectural embellishments. Yet more than just a one-tower genius, the master of metal architecture was really a man of many bridges. Association des Amis de Gustave Eiffel, Paris. [18] One of these, a pavilion for the Paris Gas Company, was Eiffel's first collaboration with Stephen Sauvestre, who was later to become the head of the company's architectural office. His father an ex-military man and served the French Army as an administrator and his mother was in the charcoal business that was passed on to her from her parents. Gustave EIFFEL, né le 15 décembre 1832 - Dijon, 21000, Côte-d'Or, France, décédé le 27 décembre 1923 - Paris, 75008, Paris, France à l'âge de 91 ans Marié le 8 juillet 1862, Dijon, 21000, Côte-d'Or, France, avec; Marie GAUDELET, née en 1845, décédée en 1877 à l'âge de 32 ans Union(s), enfant(s) et petits-enfants He studied at the ‘Lycée Royal’ in Dijon and earned his baccalauréats in science and humanities. [34] The later American-built canal used new lock designs (see History of the Panama Canal). Erected by Gustave Eiffel to commemorate the centennial of the French Revolution in 1889, the 1,050-foot (320-meter) tower once held the title of the world's tallest structure. Gustave never married again. Some work had already been carried out by Eugène Viollet-Le-Duc, but he had died in 1879. Eiffel was initially given the responsibility of assembling the metalwork and eventually took over the management of the entire project from Nepveu, who resigned in March 1860.[13]. He was a descendant of Jean-René Bönickhausen, who had emigrated from the German town of Marmagen and settled in Paris at the beginning of the 18th century. The eldest, Claire, was born in 1863, three years after her marriage. Both men spent a lot of time with the young Eiffel, teaching him about everything from chemistry and mining to theology and philosophy. Renommé pour Constructions métalliques : ponts, Viaduc de Garabit (1884), Tour Eiffel (1887-1889). Quotes By Gustave Eiffel Naissance, 15 décembre 1832. You are currently browsing articles tagged Gustave Eiffel. Gustave's uncle Jean-Baptiste Mollerat and his chemist friend Michel Perret played an instrumental role in educating Gustave on varied subjects including philosophy, theology, chemistry and mining. Born: 15-Dec-1832 Birthplace: Dijon, France Died: 27-Dec-1923 Location of death: Paris, France Cause of death: Natural Causes Remains: Buried, Cimetière de Levallois-Perret, Paris, France Gender: Male Race or Ethnicity: White Sexual orientation: Straight Occupation: Architect Nationality: France Executive summary: Designer of Eiffel Tower Those for the east and south legs were straightforward, each leg resting on four 2 m (6.6 ft) concrete slabs, one for each of the principal girders of each leg but the other two, being closer to the river Seine were more complicated: each slab needed two piles installed by using compressed-air caissons 15 m (49 ft) long and 6 m (20 ft) in diameter driven to a depth of 22 m (72 ft)[27] to support the concrete slabs, which were 6 m (20 ft) thick. The entire statue was erected at the Eiffel works in Paris before being dismantled and shipped to the United States.[22]. Birthplace: Dijon, France Location of death: Paris, France Cause of death: Natural Causes Remains. Sa grande Dame de fer fête ses 130 ans cette année, mais c'est un héritage beaucoup plus vaste et méconnu que nous laisse Gustave Eiffel. Nos partenaires. The main structural work was completed at the end of March, and on the 31st Eiffel celebrated this by leading a group of government officials, accompanied by representatives of the press, to the top of the tower. Video. In May 1884 Koechlin, working at his home, made an outline drawing of their scheme, described by him as "a great pylon, consisting of four lattice girders standing apart at the base and coming together at the top, joined together by metal trusses at regular intervals". Weaving was a common profession among his family members, but it was two chemist uncles who would have an outsized influence on him. Kanggé mèngeti 100 taun Révolusi Prancis. Champs; Ingénierie, chimie, industrie, architecture Institutions; Collège Sainte-Barbe, Diplôme École centrale Paris, promotion 1855. Having reached the end of their useful lives, 450 of these bulbs have been taken down and made into outstanding ornaments. The task was a demanding one: the river was fast-flowing, up to 20 m (66 ft) deep, and had a bed formed of a deep layer of gravel which made the construction of piers on the river bed impossible, and so the bridge had to have a central span of 160 m (520 ft). Alexandre Gustave Eiffel … Eiffel's proposal was for a bridge whose deck was supported by five iron piers, with the abutments of the pair on the river bank also bearing a central supporting arch. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (15 Desember 1832 – 27 Desember 1923) was 'n Franse strukturele en lugvaart ingenieur.Hy is gebore in Dijon.Hy behaal sy graad met lof aan die École Centrale des Arts et Manufactures.Hy was aanvanklik geïnteresseerd in strukturele ingenieurswese en voltooi die spoorwegbrug oor die Garonnerivier in Bordeaux.In 1889 voltooi hy die Eiffel-toring. He was associated in constructing several bridges including the famous Garabit Viaduct for the railway network of France. Some have already been destroyed, like in Vietnam. In 1855, he completed his graduation earning the thirteenth position out of eighty candidates. It took him a couple of years to master the job and soon he was directing bridge construction and later went on to form his own company ‘Eiffel & Cie’. Until the age of sixteen, he spent all his holidays with his grandmother Valentine, the youngest daughter of the engineer in the various homesteads. The name Eiffel was adopted by his father in the early 19th century from his birthplace in the German Eifel region (in Marmagen), as the French could not pronounce his actual surname, Bönickhausen. Following complaints about noise from people living nearby, he moved his experiments to a new establishment at Auteuil in 1912. The usual pattern for building a railway terminus was to conceal the metal structure behind an elaborate facade: Eiffel's design for Budapest used the metal structure as the centerpiece of the building, flanked on either side by conventional stone and brick-clad structures housing administrative offices. As the business of the company declined, he resigned in 1865. En 1877, Gustave Eiffel perd son épouse prématurément. Because his name is inextricably linked to that too-famous symbol of Paris, Gustave Eiffel rarely gets credit for the many other feats of civil engineering that made him one of the greatest innovators of his time. In 1886 Eiffel also designed the dome for the Astronomical Observatory in Nice. Eiffel graduates as an engineer from the Ecole Using this Eiffel definitely established that the air resistance of a body was very closely related to the square of the airspeed. Edouard Eiffel, tenant un bicycle Giclee Print by Alexandre-Gustave Eiffel. [20] To assist him in the work he took on several people who were to play important roles in the design and construction of the Eiffel Tower, including Maurice Koechlin, a young graduate of the Zurich Polytechnikum, who was engaged to undertake calculations and make drawings, and Émile Nouguier, who had previously worked for Eiffel on the construction of the Douro bridge. [26], "To bring our arguments home, imagine for a moment a giddy, ridiculous tower dominating Paris like a gigantic black smokestack, crushing under its barbaric bulk Notre Dame, the Tour Saint-Jacques, the Louvre, the Dome of les Invalides, the Arc de Triomphe, all of our humiliated monuments will disappear in this ghastly dream. [37] Eiffel's interest in these areas was a consequence of the problems he had encountered with the effects of wind forces on the structures he had built. Gustave Eiffel, Alexandre Gustave Eiffel, French civil engineer and architect, best known for the Eiffel Tower Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923), French engineer.(1880). Construction took two years, two months and five days — 180 years fewer than Notre Dame! After this brief pause erection of the metalwork continued, and the critical operation of linking the four legs was successfully completed by March 1888. On February 9, 1893 he was found guilty and sentenced for two years in prison along with a fine of 20,000 francs. He was involved in the construction and designs of many buildings and structures including ‘Cathedral of San Pedro de Tacna’, Peru, the ‘Grand Hotel Traian’ in Iaşi, Romania, Konak Pier in İzmir, Turkey and ‘Catedral de Santa María’ in Chiclayo, Peru. Unfortunately, she died prematurely fifteen years later. After discussing the technical problems and emphasising the practical uses of the tower, he finished his talk by saying that the tower would symbolise[24].mw-parser-output .templatequote{overflow:hidden;margin:1em 0;padding:0 40px}.mw-parser-output .templatequote .templatequotecite{line-height:1.5em;text-align:left;padding-left:1.6em;margin-top:0}, "not only the art of the modern engineer, but also the century of Industry and Science in which we are living, and for which the way was prepared by the great scientific movement of the eighteenth century and by the Revolution of 1789, to which this monument will be built as an expression of France's gratitude.". Gustave Eiffel died on December 27, 1923 at the age of 91. Ghenh Bridge and Rach Cat Bridge in Bien Hoa city, Santa Efigênia Viaduct, São Paulo, Brazil (1913), Dam on Great Bačka Canal, Bečej, Vojvodina, Serbia (1900), Casa del Cura (also called Casa Eiffel), in, This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 01:23. [8] Eiffel was not a studious child, and thought his classes at the Lycée Royal in Dijon boring and a waste of time, although in his last two years, influenced by his teachers for history and literature, he began to study seriously, and he gained his baccalauréats in humanities and science. Gustave Eiffel est un ingénieur et entrepreneur français de la fin du XIXe siècle, essentiellement connu pour la réalisation de la tour qui porte son nom, à Paris. Naissance, 15 décembre 1832. The enhanced idea gained Eiffel's support for the project, and he bought the rights to the patent on the design which Koechlin, Nougier and Sauvestre had taken out. He is famous for co-designing the Eiffel Tower, built 1887–1889 for the 1889 Universal Exposition in Paris, France, the Garabit viaduct, the highest in the world at the time, [citation needed] near Ruynes-en-Margeride, Cantal, France, and the Faidherbe Bridge over the Sénégal River in Senegal. He and Théophile Seyrig terminated the partnership in 1879 and the company was re-christened as ‘Compagnie des Établissements Eiffel’. Just as work began at the Champ de Mars, the "Committee of Three Hundred" (one member for each metre of the tower's height) was formed, led by Charles Garnier and including some of the most important figures of the French arts establishment, including Adolphe Bouguereau, Guy de Maupassant, Charles Gounod and Jules Massenet: a petition was sent to Jean-Charles Adolphe Alphand, the Minister of Works, and was published by Le Temps. This was the year that Paris hosted the second World's Fair, and Eiffel was bought a season ticket by his mother[11], After graduation, Eiffel had hoped to find work in his uncle's workshop in Dijon, but a family dispute made this impossible. * Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923) a eu cinq enfants : Claire, Laure, Edouard, Valentine et Albert. Gustave Eiffel : un ingénieur passionné. He was buried in the family tomb in Levallois-Perret Cemetery. The bridge that was completed in 1884 was considered the highest bridge in the world at that time adding another feather in Eiffel’s cap. While defending my ancestor’s great legacy, it is also through design that his memory will be further enhanced and celebrated. Eiffel was selected because of his experience with wind stresses. Gustave Eiffel had five children, three girls and two boys. A further appeal at the ‘Cour de Cassation’ however acquitted him of all charges and obligations. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel fondly called ‘the magician of iron’ was a French master engineer and architect. Gustave Eiffel. Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923) a eu cinq enfants : Claire, Laure, Edouard, Valentine et Albert. Children: Valentine Eiffel, Albert Eiffel, Edouard Eiffel, Laure Eiffel, Claire Eiffel. Eiffel’s single-minded determination and path-breaking ingenuity were in peak form well before the run-up to the Universal Exposition of 1889. Gustave Eiffel utawi jangkepipun Alexandre Gustave Eiffel inggih punika insinyur saking Prancis ingkang ngrancang lan ngawasi yasanipun menara Eiffel ing taun 1889. The same year the company was given the contract for the Garabit viaduct, a railway bridge near Ruynes en Margeride in the Cantal département. Nationalité Français. (Valentine BONICKHAUSEN dit EIFFEL) (Valentine Eugénie Jeanne Alexandrine EIFFEL) Née le 25 février 1870 - Levallois-Perret (92) Décédée le 9 juin 1966 - Paris XVI° (75),à l'âge de 96 ans His contribution to the science of aerodynamics is probably of equal importance to his work as an engineer.

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Gustave Eiffel, son of Francois-Alexandre Eiffel and Catherine Melanie Moneuse, was born in Dijon on December 15, 1832. The Exposition Universelle in 1878 firmly established his reputation as one of the leading engineers of the time. (Valentine BONICKHAUSEN dit EIFFEL) (Valentine Eugénie Jeanne Alexandrine EIFFEL) Née le 25 février 1870 - Levallois-Perret (92) Décédée le 9 juin 1966 - Paris XVI° (75),à l'âge de 96 ans Little happened until the beginning of 1886, but with the re-election of Jules Grévy as President and his appointment of Edouard Lockroy as Minister for Trade decisions began to be made. Eiffel was to receive all income from the commercial exploitation during the exhibition and for the following twenty years. Garabit Viaduct was another creation designed and built by Eiffel for a while it was the tallest bridge in the world. In 1887, Eiffel became involved with the French effort to construct a canal across the Panama Isthmus. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel was born in France, in the Côte-d'Or, the first child of Catherine-Mélanie (née Moneuse) and Alexandre Bonickhausen dit Eiffel. The price quoted by Eiffel was FF.965,000, far below the nearest competitor and so he was given the job, although since his company was less experienced than his rivals the Portuguese authorities appointed a committee to report on Eiffel et Cie's suitability. [43], Alexandre Gustave Bonickhausen dit Eiffel, État-civil de la Côte-d'Or, Dijon, Registres d'état civil 1832, p. 249, Charles Braibant, Histoire de la Tour Eiffel, Paris 1964, p. 35, "The Death of a Great Pioneer: Gustav Eiffel Passes Away", "Future of Poland's one and only "Eiffel" Bridge unclear", "Page d'accueil | Association des descendants de Gustave Eiffel", Retour à la liste des extraits des bulletins de l'ADGE, Official website of the Association of the Descendants of Gustave Eiffel (in English), Gustave Eiffel: The Man Behind the Masterpiece, Einsturz der Birsbrücke bei Münchenstein (Basel), Statue of Liberty play (American football), Conservation-restoration of the Statue of Liberty,, Pages using infobox person with unknown parameters, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Léonore identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Synagogue in Rue de Pasarelles, Paris (1867), Aérodynamique EIFFEL (wind tunnel), Paris (Auteuil), France (1911), Clock Tower, Monte Cristi, Dominican Republic, The Railway Bridge over the Coura river in. [19] [37], A number of works of Gustave Eiffel are in danger today. Weaving was a common profession among his family members, but it was two chemist uncles who would have an outsized influence on him. AKA Gustave Alexandre Eiffel. Gustave Eiffel yasa menara Eiffel kanggé Paris World's Fair. He was born as Bonickhausen dit Eiffel on December 15, 1832 in Djion, France, as the eldest child of Alexandre Bonickhausen dit Eiffel and Catherine-Mélanie. These shoes were anchored by bolts 10 cm (4 in) in diameter and 7.5 m (25 ft) long. The tower had been a subject of some controversy, attracting criticism both from those who did not believe it feasible and from those who objected on artistic grounds. Origins Of The Ferris Wheel And Valentine’s Day February 14, 2013 in Excerpts , Old Print Articles , Science/Tech , Urban Studies | Permalink The four legs, each at an angle of 54° to the ground, were initially constructed as cantilevers, relying on the anchoring bolts in the masonry foundation blocks. Further promotion within the company followed, but the business began to decline, and in 1865 Eiffel, seeing no future there, resigned and set up as an independent consulting engineer. “Gustave Eiffel never stopped inventing and innovating. In 1913, the ‘Smithsonian Institution’ honoured him with the ‘Samuel P. Langley Medal for Aerodromics’ award. The name was changed to the Anciens Etablissements Eiffel in 1937.[36]. Renommé pour Constructions métalliques : ponts, Viaduc de Garabit (1884), Tour Eiffel (1887-1889). Émile Nouguier (17 February 1840 – 23 November 1897) was a French civil engineer and architect. Signature modifier Gustave Eiffel , né Bonickhausen dit Eiffel le 15 décembre 1832 à Dijon et mort le 27 décembre 1923 à Paris , est un ingénieur centralien et un industriel français , qui a notamment participé à la construction de la tour Eiffel à Paris , du viaduc de Garabit et de la statue de la Liberté à New York .